PANO - According to some foreign radio stations, riots broke out over the past days amongst the Mong ethnic minority group in Muong Nhe District, Dien Bien Province. What is the fact?
Figures released by Vietnam’s Ministry of Labour, War-Invalids and Social Affairs show that Muong Nhe District is among 62 poor districts nationwide to receive support from the State under the Governmental Resolution No. 30a. Muong Nhe District is home to 13 ethnic minority groups with 52,684 people, including 36,811 Mongs.
|Photo for illustration: vietnamplus
Elderly Giang A Dinh, a native in Muong Nhe, recalled that on April 30th, 2011, some Mongs in Muong Nhe District and in other provinces were incited to flock to Muong Nhe in order to call for freedom of religion and the establishment of a Kingdom of Mong. Having being prevented by local policemen from doing so, these people returned home.
Those with concerns for the real rights and benefits of the Mong should answer the question of whether the Mong can set up their own kingdom and what are the aims of those causing a fuss in Muong Nhe District if the establishment failed.
To have a correct answer, let look at following information.
The Mong ethnic minority people are also called H’Mong, Hmong, Ho-mong, or Mieu (in China) and Meo (in Vietnam). Their home town is in mountainous areas in Southern China, mostly in Guizhou and in Northern region of South East Asia. Nowadays, most live in China. Their group is the fifth largest one out of 56 ethnic minority groups officially recognised in China.
There are 1,068,189 Mong people in Vietnam. They live by a shifting cultivation common to wandering hill-tribes. Their cultural identity has been preserved for generations.
Like other minority groups, the Mong live in many countries in the world. Their motherland is where they settle down.
According to several researchers, the Mong demanded to establish the kingdom of Mong in the late half of the 20th century, after the UN paid much attention to their human rights and democracy and the USA used this as a policy and a strategy to interfere in the internal affairs of various countries, including Vietnam and Laos.
In the long-term history of Vietnam, the Mong have contributed to the cause of national construction and defence. They live in harmony with 53 other brotherly ethnic minority groups. Due to their custom of shifting cultivation of wandering hill-tribes, their living locations can be anywhere. They live in 62 provinces, mostly in Northern West and Northern East provinces to Nghe An Province.
Over the past decades, they have moved to several provinces in the Central Highlands.
Until 1960, they had no script of their own. Their real demand was of poverty reduction and improvement of spiritual and material welfare. Their current script is partly created by the Government of Vietnam.
The Mong do not have their own religion. Some follow Protestantism. Recently, “Vang Chu” Religion has rapidly spread. Some researchers concluded that “Vang Chu” Religion came from Protestantism. Originally, “Vang Chu” means Vuong Chu, king of the Mong. In 1978, Radio Free Asia, aired a program on “Vang Chu” Religion. Since then, this religion has been developed.
Studies on the history of the formation of country-nationality in the world suggest that a necessary condition for the birth of a country-nationality includes a relatively large geographic area for a prolonged settlement of its citizens, a relatively developing economy, and a relatively high development of culture, especially language. A sufficient condition for the birth of a nation is a political force with political and moral status to represent their people. In terms of legality, an ethnic minority group wants to separate from a country-nationality where they live if that State gives its consent.
In reference to the above criteria in comparison with the real state of the Mong, those with objective thoughts can affirm that it is impossible to establish a kingdom of Mong. The demand for their own kingdom and freedom of religion is a political trick by a group of extremist Mong, who are being exploited by foreign forces. Their aim is to excite nationalism and to exploit ignorance of an ethnic minority group, in order to cause turmoil with a goal to jeopardise the current renewal process in Vietnam.
If their own kingdom cannot be set up, then, riots will help stir political turmoil which some hostile forces against the Vietnamese revolutionary ideals want to achieve. Such instability would bring no benefit to the Mong, but harm for solidarity of the great family of ethnic minority groups in Vietnam and a destruction for the renewal cause of the nation and for the Mong themselves.
Translated by Mai Huong