The city’s exports in the first quarter of the year is estimated at 10.1 billion USD, a year-on-year decline of 16.8%.

According to HUBA, most industries struggled to maintain production and do business.

With many industries facing a significant drop in exports, the Ho Chi Minh City Union of Business Associations has proposed authorities to take measures to help firms overcome difficulties.

Nguyen Phuoc Hung, HUBA’s permanent vice chairman, said the biggest difficulties faced by export firms, especially in the woodwork and garment and textile industries, are a lack of export orders and cash flows and inability to borrow from banks.

Businesses are also virtually unable to borrow from the Government’s lending package that offers interest rate subsidies of 1.5-2%, he said.

Agricultural land is appraised at very low by banks, so when firms apply for loans using agricultural land as collateral, they will get a very small loan that is not enough to serve their production and business needs.

In addition, the mortgaged asset value for their existing loans was reduced significantly, requiring them to have additional collateral but they almost have no more asset to do that.

HUBA's surveys have found 41.2% of firms saying they are facing difficulties due to the shrinking market, 17.6% due to higher raw material prices, 11.2% due to human resource shortage and 17.6% due to lack of capital.

Enterprises said though the Government has many supportive policies for economic development, beneficiaries are few in reality, with less than 10% of businesses benefiting from financial support.

Small- and medium-sized enterprises often lack assets to mortgage, HUBA said.

It wanted the Government to address this issue by valuing agricultural lands at market prices, increasing the ratio of loan to mortgaged assets, and offering unsecured loans.

It said the State Bank of Vietnam should continue to roll over medium- and long-term loans, and bring down bank lending interest rates.

It called on the Vietnam Bank for Social Policies to provide businesses with low-interest rate loans so that they could pay wages to employees, which would boost purchasing power and benefit the consumer market.

It said the city should promote the 2% interest subsidy program from the SBV, and direct relevant agencies to organize programs to link businesses and banks to easy the credit bottlenecks.

The city needs to enhance ties with Vietnamese trade agencies abroad to help foster investment and trade with foreign markets, it added.

Source: VNA