This victory opened a new chapter in the nation’s history: The era of national independence, freedom and road to socialism. The victory also left valuable lessons to the Vietnamese revolution under the leadership of the Party, including the lesson of bringing into full play the comprehensive strength of the great national unity bloc in struggles against foreign invaders.

Strength of great national unity

Leader Nguyen Ai Quoc (Ho Chi Minh) chaired the 8th Party Central Committee’s meeting in May 1941 in Cao Bang province. The 8th Party Central Committee agreed to give first and foremost priority to national liberation and established the Viet Minh Front. The picture is now displayed in President Ho Chi Minh's Relic Site, Hanoi.

Discussing the significance of the August Revolution to the nation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ho Chi Minh and Party Leaders Associate Professor and Doctor Do Xuan Tuat affirmed, under the sound leadership of the Party and President Ho Chi Minh, the August Revolution was a great victory over long-term struggles of the Vietnamese people. The victory of the August Revolution also demonstrated that Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on national liberation, social class liberation and human liberation were completely correct in the reality of the Vietnamese revolution.

The scholar stressed that the August Revolution was a typical struggle for national liberation, as it was conducted by the entire nation with a core force of a revolutionary army under the leadership of the communist party. In the revolution, the strength of the Vietnamese people’s great national unity was totally mobilized by President Ho Chi Minh’s call: “The moment to decide the destiny of the nation has come. Dear Vietnamese compatriots, rise up and use our own force to liberate ourselves.” The call served as an appeal to the country, and it evoked the Vietnamese people’s patriotism and national pride. The thousands-of-years nation-building and defense history had created an invincible force to fight foreign invaders.

Regarding the national spirit in the August Revolution, former Director the Institute of Ho Chi Minh and Party Leaders Associate Professor and Doctor Pham Hong Chuong stated, before the August Revolution, the national spirit had accumulated and grown for nearly one century while the nation struggled feudalism, colonialism and fascism in the country. The national spirit was stoked and transformed by the Party and President Ho Chi Minh into an invincible force in the August Revolution. President Ho Chi Minh also reflected the national spirit in the National Independence Declaration introducing the newly-born Democratic Republic of Vietnam to the world.

The tilt house where Uncle Ho used to live is in the  the Presidential Palace complex, Hanoi.

Meanwhile, researcher Bui The Dong at the President Ho Chi Minh Heritage Site underscored the role of the great national unity bloc in the August Revolution in 1945. The Party and President Ho Chi Minh made a very important decision to found the League of the Independence of Vietnam known as the Viet Minh Front in 1941 to promote national unity and gather forces. The Viet Minh Front also built revolutionary bases across the country, founded and fostered pro-revolution mass organizations with the participation of people from all walks of life, and trained key revolutionary cadres as cores of patriotic movements. Thanks to the significant moves, the Vietnamese revolution was able to mobilize the entire nation for a general uprising, destroying feudalist-colonialist and fascist forces and winning power at a very fast pace without much bloodshed.  

Discussing the role of President Ho Chi Minh in the August Revolution at the President Ho Chi Minh Relic Site, Ms. Nguyen Van Anh said that Uncle Ho brought Marxism and Leninism to the Vietnamese revolution. But the most important thing was that based on Marxism and Leninism President Ho Chi Minh produced a theory on national liberation revolution suitable for the revolutionary conditions in Vietnam. Furthermore, he crafted guidelines and directly led the Vietnamese revolution to liberate the nation from colonialism and fascism.    

President Ho Chi Minh and other senior Party and State officials celebrate the 20th anniversary of the National Independence Day on September 2, 1965. The picture is now showcased in the President Ho Chi Minh Relic Site, Hanoi.

The August Revolution led to the birth of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam – the first-ever state of workers and farmers in Southeast Asia, which marked a big milestone in the history of not only Vietnam but also the region, stressed Director of the President Ho Chi Minh Relic Site Nguyen Van Cong.  

Promoting spiritual values of the August Revolution

“We are so proud to work at the President Ho Chi Minh Relic Site as we can be close to Uncle Ho and sometimes feel him alive here and there in the complex. Further, everyday we can take care of Uncle Ho’s house, belongings, trees, pond and so on. We can talk to domestic and international visitors about Uncle Ho’s simple but noble life, great revolutionary career and enormous contributions to the Vietnamese revolution and national liberation movements in the world,” said Ms. Tran Ngoc Lan at the President Ho Chi Minh Relic Site.

Lan’s co-worker named Cao Thanh Huyen underlined that the August Revolution broke down the fetters put on the people by Vietnamese feudalists and French colonialists for nearly a century. What is more, it also served as a great source of encouragement for colonized nations around the world, guiding them to struggle against foreign colonialists for their countries’ independence and freedom. “The August Revolution is one of the most glorious chapters in the nation’s construction and defense,” Huyen said.

Vietnamese people are celebrating the 75th anniversary of the August Revolution (August 19, 1945) and National Day (September 2, 1945). It is a good chance for all Vietnamese, particularly young ones, to learn more about the August Revolution, its great significance to the nation as well as to pay respect to President Ho Chi Minh – the leader of the Vietnamese revolution, and previous generations of the Vietnamese who shed blood and sweat in the wars against foreign invaders for national liberation, independence and freedom as well as for the peaceful and happy life of today’s generation of Vietnamese. 

Written by Khanh Huyen

Translated by Thu Nguyen