Data from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), according to Rong Viet Securities Company (VDSC), showed global FDI in 2023 increased by 3% compared to the year before, reaching over 1.365 trillion USD, mainly attributed to a significant increase in European Union countries. FDI in the Asia-Pacific, traditionally a major force of global investment, recorded a 9% decline, amounting to 849 million USD, including a 6% reduction in China, a 47% reduction in India and a 16% reduction in ASEAN.

Workers at a semiconductor factory located in Ho Chi Minh City

Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia, however, maintained impressive growth in FDI throughout 2023 with increases of 32.1%, 42% and 13.7%, respectively, with Vietnam topping the chart in FDI amount recorded.

"Vietnam remains an exception in attracting FDI in the global and regional context in 2023," said VDSC.

According to the Foreign Investment Agency, under the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI), the total registered FDI capital in Vietnam reached 36.61 billion USD in 2023. The accumulated realized capital of foreign investment projects in the Southeast Asian economy was estimated at 23.18 billion USD, a 3.5% increase from the previous year, setting a new national record in FDI disbursement.

The number of newly registered projects in 2023 reached 3,188, a 56.6% increase compared to the same period in the previous year, with the number of registered projects with increased capital growing by 14.0%. Average registered capital per new project increased slightly by 3.6% compared to 2022.

According to fDi Markets, a global monitor of FDI sources, FDI into Vietnam's processing and manufacturing industry accounted for 64% of the total registered FDI capital, reaching 23.5 billion USD, a 39.9% increase compared to the same period last year.

Energy remained a bright spot in 2023 with large projects including the 1.99 billion USD Thai Binh LNG Power Plant by Japan, the 1.5 billion USD photovoltaic cell production project by Chinese Jinko Solar and the 1.05 billion USD electronic component manufacturing projects by LG Innotek (the Republic of Korea).

As of January 20, 2024, the total FDI capital in Vietnam reached approximately 2.4 billion USD, a 40.2% increase compared to the same period in 2023.

Newly registered capital reached 2.0 billion USD, a 66.9% increase from the same period. In comparison, additional registered capital and capital contribution decreased by 23.1% and 33.1%, reaching 35.4 million USD and 16.5 million USD, respectively.

The significant increase in FDI in January 2024 has been said to be mainly due to large-scale real estate investment projects.

A major urban development project in Hanoi with a total capital of 662 million USD accounted for 53.9% of the total registered investment capital attracted in the first month of the year in the real estate business sector. Excluding this sudden surge, registered investment capital in the year's first month was equivalent to the same period in 2023. However, actual investment capital for foreign investment projects was estimated to reach 1.5 billion USD, a 9.6% increase.

Thanks to the positive growth in FDI throughout 2023, the country's disbursement rate of FDI capital has significantly improved. In 2023, FDI disbursement reached 23.2 billion USD, a 3.5% increase compared to 2022.

"Growth in FDI in January 2024 continued to reinforce our view that FDI disbursement may continue to accelerate due to the large amount of FDI registered in 2023 and multinational companies continuing to diversify their investments out of China. Vietnam looks to remain an attractive investment destination due to advantages such as its strategic location, various free trade agreements (FTAs), and competitive labor costs. Upgrading diplomatic relations with the United States and Japan will help boost investment in Vietnam," said Hanoi-based VietCap Securities Company.

According to UNCTAD's forecast, global FDI flows may experience modest growth in 2024 due to predictions about inflation and borrowing costs in stable developing markets. However, negative developments are still overshadowing the positive direction, related to political risks, high debt levels in countries, and the risk of declining global economic growth. In addition, in 2024, voters in more than 80 countries and territories (representing over half of the world's population) are expected to vote in elections, which will also impact global investment.

VDSC experts said the prospects for attracting FDI in 2024 will remain positive due to Vietnam's position as a potential destination for strategic diversification of supply chains by global manufacturers, the country's trend of positive economic growth, and a stable political environment.

Source: VNA