Under Circular 11/2019/ TT-NHNN on special control for credit institutions, which will take effect of October 1 this year, credit institutions (excluding policy banks) that fall into one of seven cases will be placed under the SBV’s special control.

First are credit institutions facing a shortage of highly liquid assets at 20 percent or more at the time of solvency ratio calculation which causes them to fail to maintain the solvency ratio for three consecutive months.

Additionally, credit institutions that cannot pay their debt obligation within one month of the date of maturity and have a ratio of bad debts out of the total outstanding loans at 10 percent or more.

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Third, if the Tier I capital adequacy ratio of credit institutions is lower than 4 percent for six consecutive months while the ratio of the bad debts to the total outstanding loans is 10 percent or more after six consecutive months, the institution will be subject to the SBV's special control.

Next, the special control will apply for institutions that cannot repay their debt obligations within three months from when the debt obligation is due.

If the accumulated losses of a credit institution are greater than 50 percent of their charter capital and reserve funds recorded in the latest audited financial statements, they will be subject as well.

If the capital adequacy ratio is not maintained for 12 consecutive months or the capital adequacy ratio is lower than 4 percent for six consecutive months, the SBV will institute special control.

Finally, credit institutions will be subject to the control if they are given a weak ranking for two consecutive years according to the SBV’s regulations.

Notably, the circular also requires that when credit institutions fall into the first four cases, they must report to the SBV on the situation, causes and any measures they have taken or proposed to overcome the shortcomings.

Source: VNA