The price framework for basic economy class passenger transportation services will be amended. The ceiling airfares will remain unchanged at 1.6 million VND (65.23 USD) per one-way ticket for routes which serve the socio-economic development in remote areas or islands where there is only one carrier operating, and 1.7 million VND for other domestic routes below 500km.

Planes of domestic carriers park at Noi Bai International Airport.

The remaining flight routes are subject to a price increase of 50,000-250,000 VND per one-way ticket, depending on the length of each route.

The maximum price includes all costs a passenger must pay for an airline's service, excluding value added tax and fees collected on behalf of the airport (including passenger service fees and security assurance fees, luggage; service charges with additional items).

According to a review by the Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam (CAAV) under the Ministry of Transport, the proposed increase in domestic air ticket prices is due to changes in the factors that form ticket prices, especially hikes of fuel prices and exchange rates.

Data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA), Jet A1 fuel price in Asia in June 2023 was 85.4 USD a barrel.

CAAV’s calculations showed that with the assumption that fuel cost accounts for 39.5% of total costs and having no fluctuation for other cost factors, the airlines' fuel cost in June was increased by 23.1% compared to September 2015. The fuel prices increased total costs by 10.9%.

The CAAV has received comments from Vietnam Airlines, Vietjet, Pacific Airlines, and Bamboo Airways on increasing domestic air ticket prices.

According to Vietnam Airlines, aviation fuel costs account for about 36% of the airline's transportation costs. The average fuel price in 2022 compared to 2015 (when the current price ceiling was applied) increased by about 85% from 67.3 USD to 124.4 USD a barrel, causing the company's costs to increase by about 30.5%.

Along with that, more than 70% of air transportation costs are paid by foreign currency, while ticket sales revenue in Vietnam is in Vietnamese dong. The exchange rate was increased by 6.6% from 2015 to 2022, causing the company's costs to increase by 4.3% respectively.

Therefore, Vietnam Airlines' passenger transportation cost in 2022 was 2,769 VND a passenger per kilometre, increasing by 43% compared to the cost in 2015 (1,933 USD).

Source: VNA