The called was made by Minister Counsellor Nguyen Hoang Nguyen, Deputy Permanent Representative of Vietnam to the U.N., at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)’s open debate held on May 21-22 on the protection of civilians in armed conflict in combination with the marking of the 25th anniversary of Resolution 1265 (1999), which first established the protection of civilians as a crucial issue of international peace and security, and the 75th anniversary of the 1949 Geneva Conventions.

Minister Counselor Nguyen Hoang Nguyen, Deputy Permanent Representative of Vietnam to the U.N.

Citing the conflict in Gaza that has killed an average of more than 150 civilians every day over the past seven months, he stressed that the international community and the UNSC should take more effective measures to protect civilians and civil infrastructure works.

The official held that the best way is to unroot the causes of conflict and create favorable conditions for dialogue and reconciliation.

He also highlighted Vietnam's in promoting the protection of civilians, including the bringing of crimes of undermining peace, waging wars of aggression, crimes against humanity, and war crimes into the Penal Code.

As a non-permanent member of the UNSC in the 2020-2021 tenure, Vietnam took charge of drafting and promoted the adoption of Resolution 2573 on protecting essential civil infrastructure in conflicts, while chairing a number of meetings on overcoming the consequences of land mines, preventing sexual violence, and caring for children in conflict, he added.

At the event, which drew representatives from more than 90 member states, U.N. observers and a number of international organization, the majority of participants expressed deep concern about the increase in armed conflicts over the past year that led to many dire consequences for civilians.

The latest report by the U.N. Secretary General showed that more than 33,000 civilians died in conflicts in 2023, an increase of 72% compared to 2022, alarming violations of international humanitarian law and difficulties in accessing humanitarian assistance in conflict areas.

Through participating in U.N. peacekeeping operations, Vietnam has also effectively contributed to the protection of civilians affected by conflicts on site.

Resolution 1265 dated September 17, 1999, for the first time recognized the protection of civilians in conflict as an important issue for international peace and security and became an official annual item on the agenda of the UNSC. Meanwhile, the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and three Additional Protocols are considered the foundation of international humanitarian law to protect victims of armed conflict.

Source: VNA